DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
SWINOMISH INDIAN TRIBAL COMMUNITY
RATIFIED JULY 25, 1936
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1937
CORPORATE CHARTER OF THE SWINOMISH INDIAN
A FEDERAL CORPORATION CHARTERED UNDER THE ACT OF
JUNE 18, 1934
Whereas, the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community of the Swinomish Reservation in the State of Washington constitutes a recognized Indian Tribe organized under a constitution and by-laws ratified by the Indians of the Swinomish Reservation on November 23, 1935, and approved by the Secretary of the Interior on January 27, 1936, pursuant to section 16 of the Act of June 18, 1934, (48 Stat. 984), as amended by the Act of June 15, 1935 (49 Stat. 378); and
Whereas, more than one-third of the adult members of the tribe have petitioned that a charter of incorporation be granted to such tribe, subject to ratification by a vote of the adult Indians living on the reservation;
Now, therefore, I, Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of
the Interior, by virtue of the authority conferred upon me by the said
Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 984), do hereby issue and submit this charter
of incorporation to the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community of the Swinomish
Reservation to be effective from and after such time as it may be ratified
by a majority vote of the adult Indians living on the reservation, at an
election in which at least thirty percent of the eligible voters vote.
|Purpose and Corporate Existence.||
1. In order to further the economic development of and the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community of the Swinomish Reservation in the State of Washington by conferring upon the said Community certain corporate rights, powers, privileges and immunities; to secure for the members of the Community an assured economic independence; and to provide for the proper exercise by the Community of various functions heretofore performed by the Department of the Interior, the aforesaid Community is hereby chartered as a body politic and corporate of the United States of America, under the corporate name "The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community."
2. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community shall, as a Federal corporation, have perpetual succession.
3. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community shall be a membership corporation. Its member shall consist of all persons now or hereafter members of the Community, as provided by its duly ratified and approved Constitution and By-laws.
4. The Swinomish Indian Senate established in accordance with the said Constitution and By-laws of the Community, shall exercise all of the corporate powers hereinafter enumerated.
5. The Community, subject to any restrictions contained in the Constitution and laws of the United States, or in the Constitution and By-laws of the said Community, shall have the following corporate powers, in addition to all powers already conferred or guaranteed by the Constitution and By-laws of the Community.(a) To adopt, use, and alter at its pleasure a corporate seal.
|Termination of Supervisory Powers.||
6. Upon the request of the Swinomish Indian Senate for the termination of any supervisory power reserved to the Secretary of the Interior under sections 5 (b) (2), 5 (c), 5 (d), 5 (f), 5 (g), 5 (h), and section 8 of this charter, the Secretary of the Interior, if he shall approve such request, shall thereupon submit the question of such termination for ratification by the Community. The termination shall be effective upon ratification by a majority vote of the adult members of the Community residing on the reservation, at an election in which at least thirty per cent of the eligible voters vote. At any time after ten years from the date of approval of this charter if the Secretary shall disapprove a request for the termination of any such power, or fail to approve or disapprove it within ninety days after its receipt, the question of its termination may then be submitted by the Secretary or by the Swinomish Indian Senate to popular referendum of the adult members of the Community actually living within the reservation, and if the termination is approved by two-thirds of the eligible voters, it shall be effective.
7. No property rights of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community shall be in any way impaired by anything contained in this charter, and the Community ownership of unallotted lands, whether or not assigned to the use of any particular individuals, is hereby expressly recognized. The individually owned property of members of the Community shall not be subject to any corporate debts or liabilities, without such owner's consent. Any existing lawful debts of the Community shall continue in force, except as such debts may be satisfied or canceled pursuant to law.
8. The Community may issue to each of its members a non-transferable certificate of membership evidencing the equal share of each member in the assets of the Community and may distribute per capita, among the recognized members of the Community, all income of the community over and above sums necessary to defray corporate obligations and over and above all sums which, may be devoted to the establishment of a reserve fund, the construction of public works, the costs of public enterprises, the expenses of the Community government, the needs of charity, or other corporate purposes. Any such distribution of income in anyone year, amounting to a distribution of more than one-half of the accrued surplus, shall not be made without the approval of the Secretary of the Interior. No financial assets of the Community shall be distributed except as provided herein.
9. The officers of the Community shall maintain accurate and complete public accounts of the financial affairs of the Community, which shall clearly show all credits, debts, pledges, and assignments, and shall :furnish an annual balance sheet and report of the financial affairs of the Community to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
10. This charter shall not be revoked or surrendered except by act of Congress, but amendments may be proposed by resolutions of the Community Council which if approved by the Secretary or the Interior, to be effective shall be ratified by a majority vote of the adult members living on the reservation at a popular referendum in which at least 30 percent of the eligible voters vote.
11. This charter shall be effective from and after the date of its ratification by a majority vote of the adult members of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community living on the Swinomish Reservation, provided at least 30 percent of the eligible voters shall vote, such ratification to be formally certified by the Superintendent of the Tulalip Agency and the Chairman and Secretary of the Swinomish Indian Senate.
HAROLD L. ICKES,
WASHINGTON, D. C., July 2, 1936.
CERTIFICATE OF ELECTION
This is to certify that in the election called by the Secretary of the Interior for the ratification of Charter for the Swinomish Indian Community the result was: For ratification, 63; against ratification, none.
Eligible voters, 148.
To COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
(Through Supt. O. C. Upchurch).
O. C. UPCHURCH.
AMENDMENT-CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF THE
SWINOMISH INDIANS OF THE SWINOMISH RESERVATION,
Article VI, section 1 (c) of the Swinomish Tribal Constitution which reads as follows:
(c) To approve or veto any sale, disposition, lease, or encumbrance of tribal lands, interests in lands or other tribal assets which may be authorized or executed by the Secretary of the Interior, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, or any other official or agency of government, provided that no tribal lands shall ever be sold, encumbered, or leased for a period exceeding five (5) years, except for governmental purposes.shall be amended to read as follows :
(c) To approve or veto any sale, disposition, lease, or encumbrance of tribal lands, interests in lands or other tribal assets which may be authorized or executed by the Secretary of the Interior, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, or ally other official or agency of government, provided that no tribal lands shall ever be sold, encumbered, or leased for a period exceeding that permitted by law.
Pursuant to an order approved December 14, 1949, by the Assistant Secretary of the Interior, the attached Amendment I to the constitution and by-laws was submitted for ratification to the Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, Washington, and was on February 4, 1950, duly ratified by a vote of 55 for, and 5 against, in an election in which over 30 percent of those entitled to vote cast their ballots, in accordance with Section 16 of the Indian Reorganization Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 984) as amended by the act of June 15, 1935 (49 Stat. 378).
F. A. GROSS,
Superintendent, Tulalip Agency.
I, William E. Warne, Assistant Secretary of the Interior of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority granted me by the Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 984), as amended, do hereby approve the attached Amendment I to the Constitution and By-laws for the Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, Washington.
JOHN R. NICHOLS,
Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
[SEAL] WILLIAM E. WARNE,
C., April 17, 1950.
U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1951